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The Democratic Republic of Georgia in Diplomatic Relations of the Great Powers 1918-1921
Language: English This thesis is written in English
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Irakli Javakhishvili, Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, 2016-17
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Academic area
Social and Political Sciences
In thesis I will discuss 1918-1921 events consistently and try to show the political essence of that age toward the Caucasus and Georgia in particular.

The work includes six parts: in chapter I that looks at the Democratic Republic of Georgia and Backing of Germany in 1918, specifically I will discuss the conditions that led to declaring independence of Georgia and the aspects of its relationship with Germany. This chapter will show the importance of German position for the Democratic Republic of Georgia and its survival. Chapter II regarding Transcaucasian Chessboard in 1919-mid 1920 talks about the core period of Georgia's independence and, in particular, its relations with Great Britain. Here the position of the British to Transcaucasia is well illustrated. Chapter III which looks at The End of the Game: In Political Storm of 1920-1921 makes us aware of the developments that took place after the British had left Georgia and the latter found itself alone against Russian forces. Great European Powers' unfavorable positions to the Democratic Republic of Georgia and their indifference to its fate led to Russian invasion of Georgia and made the latter a part of the Soviet Union. Chapter IV is of specific character and concerns to The Georgian Orthodox Church in the Years of Independence 1918-1921. The Orthodox Church has always been an important factor in life of the country and in enhancing national awareness of the Georgian people. Even in this period the Church tried to be an influential actor in society but this was impossible because of policies by Social-Democratic government of Georgia. And finally, there is a conclusion that reviews briefly the Actual Situation and how the research of that period is connected to our present time.

The present thesis is another effort to study and analyze a very turbulent period of Georgian independence in 1918-1921 and its role and place in European diplomacy of that time. The thesis does not have a claim of perfection and thereby it may include some defects and shortcomings. I have tried to display essentially the aspects of country's foreign affairs and not those of internal policy. Therefore, I cannot maintain that this short work is a comprehensive one of Georgia's presence in those three years. I hope that this work will make its small contribution to studying Georgian foreign policy or mode of diplomacy (but very defected) that really lacks basic studies, researches or books and monographies about this question.