The thesis discussed by doctor Callipo Domenico on 23rd June 2006, at the end of the course of degree in Business Economy, at the Second University of Naples, entitled “Basic human rights and Economy: the role of the new Public Administration”, after a brief introduction regarding the Ethics and the two theorems of the Economy of Welfare, it lingers about the evolution of the human rights during the history, underlining particularly the various necessary stages to reach the constitution of modern States, analyzing also some European implications, in the specific one the problematic joined with the possibility to introduce a Constitution that reflected the whole different identities of members States in the European Union.
The dissertation continues examining the role developed by the Solidarity Economy, one of the few tools able, currently, to allow an equitable redistribution of the wealth produced all over the world, through some identifiable interventions, substantially, in the Fair Trade, in the Ethics Finance and in the Responsible or Critical Consumption, this last, in its turn, realizable thanks to some positive actions as the Responsible Tourism, the Recycling and the Bank of the Time.
In the central part of the work it is underlined the role developed by the Ethics both in the firm and in the Public Administration, intended as the respect of the human rights, whether for a public or a private worker, or the same entrepreneur, keeping in mind all the means that allow to verify the respect of the rules, particularly the quality’s standards ISO 9000 and SA 8000 and the social and environmental Balance, considering that, today more than ever, the firms succeed in getting consents in the measure in which they hold in the proper consideration the respect of the rights and, substantially, the Ethics.
The Public Administrations must consider the instances of the less defended people and, as it is underlined in the remaining part of the work, to undertake so that a whole series of principles is respected, that range from the impartiality to the good state, from the legality to the good faith, avoiding to incur in situations, so to speak, “scandalous”, in which, lawfully, the interlocutor puts himself a very specific question, that is to say: “who controls who?”.
This happens, perhaps, because it doesn't succeed in guaranteeing the respect of the rights and the “stakes”, taking action that, by now, the citizen should interact more and more with the Public Administration, exerting his rights through the active citizenship and the participated democracy.
The public agent, as for him, can consider himself “new”, in the current juridical system, beginning from the introduction of the Independent Administrative Authorities and the Planning Negotiate (or Negotiated), through which the citizen has the faculty to participate, with his personal contribution, to the management of the common good, thanks to the presentation of his own instances to the competent subjects, without attending that it “rains down” some measures, in a definable optics as “pro-active”, based on the principles of the reasonableness and the proportionality.
The last part of the thesis is founded on the Deontological Code of the Italian public employees, a kind of ideal rules that the worker of the public sector should adopt to carry out his duties, and on the conclusions and the final reflections, trying to furnish a possible outline of sustainable development, without touching the basic Rights of the person, and offering some solutions, more or less easily practicable, concerning the problems reasoned during the same dissertation.